Abstract Background The growing trend of women infected with HIV through sexual transmission is alarming. Factors influencing condom use have not yet been fully identified, especially in countries with conservative cultures and backgrounds. The present study aimed to explore the barriers of condom use in Iranian women at risk of HIV. Qualitative analysis of the data was conducted manually and was guided by constant comparative analysis. Results Two main barriers, personal and socio-environmental emerged from data analysis. Lack of perceived threat, absence of protective motivation, inadequate knowledge, perceived lack of control, negative attitudes towards condom and misperception were the major personal barriers, while unsupportive environments and cultural norms were the common socio-environmental barriers to condom use among these at risk women. Conclusions These critical barriers have to be addressed for implementing effective prevention programs against HIV among populations at risk for HIV. Peer Review reports Background The estimated HIV prevalence of over five percent among injection drug users of Iran strongly indicates that the country is being threatened by an HIV epidemic. Despite the establishment of the National Harm Reduction program to overcome the growing trend of HIV among this high risk population, grave concerns are emerging regarding, in particular, sexual transmission of HIV.
Those with vulvas remain heavily responsible designed for birth control and protection against pregnancy and STDs. In a more alert world, everyone would get tested ahead of engaging in sex with new partners, be honest about said test, after that go on to have fabulous, common, blissful sex. Why Should You Abuse Condoms? Note, people with the herpes virus are not necessarily aware after they are shedding. Condoms work finest and reduce the chance for discard side effects when you use them correctly and consistently. If a condom slips or rips, you might be concerned about the option of emergency contraception.
At great length interviews and extended field observation were conducted with 15 FSWs in array to explore issues of safe femininity and risk management in relation en route for their work place, health and being behaviours. Results The main risk aspect identified for the non-use of condoms with intimate partners and regular clients was low self efficacy. In accumulation to intimidation and violence from the police, clients and intimate partners, clients' resistance and lack of negotiation ability were identified as barriers in using condoms by the FSWs. This in a row is relevant for both the Administration of Nepal and Non Governmental Organisations NGO to help improve the arrange of FSWs in the community, their general well-being and to reduce their risks at work. Peer Review reports Background Sex work is characterised as a result of high rates of commercial sex affiliate exchange, low rates of consistent condom use [ 1 ] with accepted partners only 5. The conditions after that environment of sex work in South East Asia have not been able-bodied described, despite rising sexually transmitted infections STI and human immunodeficiency virus HIV incidence rates which are attributed en route for both sex work and drug abuse [ 3 , 4 ]. Nepal is one of the least industrial country, many people live in abject poverty and the country experiences considerable drifting labour migration [ 5 ] above all to India and the Middle East. It is estimated that some , Nepalese women work in the femininity industry in India.
The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Perspect Femininity Reprod Health See other articles all the rage PMC that cite the published clause. Abstract Introduction Research shows that condoms are least likely to be old in primary relationships. Methodology Qualitative at great length interviews were conducted with 25 high-risk heterosexual couples, including HIV sero-discordant couples, in Hartford, CT. Qualitative data were coded and analyzed in an iterative inductive and deductive process using Chart. Results Participants employed non-use of condoms as a strategy to find after that maintain a primary relationship, establish assign and increase intimacy. Discussion Findings advise that men and women may decide not to use condoms as they pursue and attempt to maintain a primary relationship. HIV prevention approaches be obliged to recognize the importance of love after that the needs primary relationships satisfy but they are to be considered applicable by those at greatest risk.